ARACHNOIDITIS - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis


Arachnoiditis is a pain brought by the swelling of the arachnoid, and it is one of the membranes that encompasses and secures the nerves of the spinal cord. It is described by neurological issues, serious stinging, and burning pain.

Inflammation of the arachnoid can prompt scar tissue formation and can make the spinal fibers clump and break down. The arachnoid can become inflamed due to a disturbance from any of these: 

  • Chemicals
  • Direct injury to the spine 
  • The constant pressure of spinal nerves 
  • Contamination from microorganisms or infections 
  • Complications from a spinal medical procedure or other invasive spinal methods


Arachnoiditis has no steady figure of symptoms, yet it influences the nerves attaching with the lower back and legs in numerous individuals. Pain is the most widely recognized symptoms of arachnoiditis, yet arachnoiditis can likewise cause:

  • Numbness, tingling, or infirmity of the legs 
  • A sensation that may feel like insects crawling on the skin or water streaming down the leg 
  • Serious shooting pain that can be like an electric stun sensation 
  • Muscle issues such as spasms and uncontrollable twitching
  • Bowel, bladder, and sexual problems

As the illness grows, symptoms may turn out to be more serious or even lasting. Numerous individuals with arachnoiditis can’t work and suffer significant incapacity since they are in persistent pain.


Diagnosing arachnoiditis can be challenging; however, tests such as the computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have helped a lot with the diagnosis. An electromyogram (EMG) test can evaluate the seriousness of the ongoing damage to affected nerve roots by utilizing electrical impulses to check nerve function. 

Myelograms with the radiographic contrast being used, joined with CAT scanning, are not reviewed to be in charge of causing arachnoiditis or making it worsen.


There is no remedy for arachnoiditis. Therapy options for arachnoiditis are similar to those with other ongoing pain conditions. Most treatments center around easing pain and improving symptoms that weaken through day by day exercises. Frequently, medical services experts suggest a program of pain management, psychotherapy, exercise, and physiotherapy. Medical procedure for arachnoiditis is questionable because results can be low and give only short-term relief. Clinical preliminaries of steroid injections and electrical stimulation are expected to decide if those medicines are successful.

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