AORTIC HEART VALVE REPLACEMENT - Overview, Facts, Types, Etc..
AORTIC HEART VALVE REPLACEMENT

AORTIC HEART VALVE REPLACEMENT

Aortic heart valve replacement is a surgery wherein the doctor performs the aortic valve’s removal and is substituted by a mechanical valve or valve made of cow, pig, or human heart tissue. It is also okay to use some kind of biological tissue valve replacement that uses the pulmonary valve.

The natural tissue must be changed since it will sink over time. On the off chance that you have a mechanical valve, you’ll need to take blood-thinning medicines for the remainder of your life to forestall blood clumps. The physicians will talk about the risks and advantages of every valve type and discuss the correct valve for you. 

It may be executed well by utilizing conventional open-heart medical procedures or methods that are negligibly obtrusive, involving smaller incisions than those used in open-heart medical procedures.

TYPES

There is a type of aortic heart valve replacement and that is the transcatheter aortic valve replacement. 

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is a heart procedure to supplant a limited aortic valve that neglects to open accurately. It can be an excellent option for the patient with aortic stenosis, a medical condition with a high risk of complications from the replacement of surgical aortic valves, kidney, lung disease, and if the biological tissue valve is not functioning well.

SYMPTOMS

The following are the symptoms of aortic heart valve disease that might need surgery:

DIAGNOSIS

Before performing aortic heart valve replacement, the patient will undergo some laboratory tests and discuss their medical history. The laboratory tests may include:

  • Review of signs and symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Determining the heart’s sounds
  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • CT scan
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Exercise tests or stress tests
  • Cardiac catheterization

TREATMENT

You will usually stay a day or longer in the ICU if you have undergone open-heart surgery. Oxygen, fluids, nutrition, and drugs will be given to you via (IV) lines. 

During your recovery period in the hospital, the medical team is required to do the following:

  • Observe if there are signs of infections
  • Checking of blood pressure and breathing
  • Help manage pain
  • Motivate to walk and do some breathing exercises

The recovery period is according to the procedure used, body condition before the surgery, and health problems.

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