There are factors associated with Aortic Dissection, which may point to its diagnosis. These factors are:
- Atherosclerosis (plaque buildup in the arteries)
- Genetic conditions such as a bicuspid aortic valve
- Connective tissue conditions, such as Marfan syndrome
- Traumatic injury
- Family history of aortic dissection
There are three kinds of treatment for Aortic Dissection:
- Endovascular treatment
The treatment will be based on the severity of the aorta involved, the aorta is replaced during open surgery. A fabric tube, called a graft, takes the place of the aorta. The placement of a stent-graft, a fabric tube but has metal wire stents supporting it, is also done.
The stent-grafts are given in an endovascular way, meaning they’re situated above a wire that runs through an opening in the groin, then goes upward into the aorta.
The “elephant trunk” procedure is also accomplished. Here, the aorta near the heart and the aortic arch are mended. Then another graft is placed onto the downstream aorta, which appears similar to an elephant’s trunk. The ‘trunk’ is where an endovascular stent graft is placed while another procedure is done.
In this kind of condition, the prescribed medications may include beta-blockers, which aim to lower blood pressure and heart rate.