Ancylostoma duodenale infection is the most prevalent parasitic illness in nations with limited access to safe drinking water, hygiene, and sanitation. Exposure to polluted soil transmits ancylostoma duodenale and other soil-transmitted helminths (STH).
Furthermore, ancylostoma duodenale infection is transmitted by the excrement of an infected individual. Eggs are laid on the soil when an infected individual defecates outdoors or when a sick person’s excrement is utilized as fertilizer. They may then grow and hatch, resulting in the release of larvae. The larvae develop into a type that could pierce human skin. Most ancylostoma duodenal infections occur in endemic regions or visitors who travel endemic areas.