Rehabilitation after amputation
Amputation causes a permanent disability in an individual’s life; it may impact a patient’s self-esteem, confidence, and mobility.
Rehabilitation of an amputated person shortly begins after the surgery. A more extensive rehabilitation will happen if the patient’s condition improves.
Rehabilitation programs are prepared to cater to the needs of individual patients. They are designed to improve the overall condition of the patient. These programs aim to help patients return to the highest level of function and independence.
The success of rehabilitation is dependent on the patients:
- The type and degree of the resultingimpairments and disabilities
- Level and type of amputation
- Support from the family
Such programs encourage the involvement of the patient and the family. Improving the patient’s self-esteem and promoting independence through positive reinforcement also helps in the patient’s recovery. Maximizing the patient’s involvement at home and in the community is integral to the success of the patient’s recovery.
To help reach these goals, amputation rehabilitation programs may include the following:
- Wound healing and stump care treatments
- Activities that help the patient improve motor skills and reach maximum independence
- Exercises that help improve muscle strength, control, and endurance
- The use of prostheses or artificial limbs
- Pain management for both postoperative and phantom pain
- Use of assistive devices
- Vocational and psychological counseling
- A tailored home environment for ease of function, accessibility, mobility, and safety.
- Patient and family education