Alendronic acid is a drug that belongs to a class of medicines known as bisphosphonates. It acts by inhibiting bone resorption which is mediated by osteoclasts, further leading to increase in bone mineral density.
Cholecalciferol is a substance that is produced by the skin that results from the conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to split (seco) sterol previt D3 and subsequently colecalciferol (vit D3) through ultraviolet light. Vitamin D3 is the natural precursor of1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 or calcitriol, which in turn mobilizes calcium in the bones. Calcitriol increases the intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate and also acts to regulate bone formation and bone resorption.