ALCOHOL POISONING - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis.
ALCOHOL POISONINGCATARACTS

ALCOHOL POISONING

Alcohol poisoning is a serious problem and can sometimes lead to even more serious problems. Drinking large amounts of alcohol within a short period can cause shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, decrease in body temperature, gag reflex and worse, it can result in coma and death.

Alcohol poisoning generally happens in both adults and children when they intentionally or accidentally drink household products that contain alcohol.

An individual suffering from alcohol poisoning must seek immediate medical attention. Just in case you suspect someone who has alcohol poisoning, bring them to the nearest hospital right away.

SYMPTOMS

Signs and symptoms of alcohol poisoning will include:

  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Pale colored skin
  • Low body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Unconsciousness
  • Coma

 

DIAGNOSIS

In diagnosing alcohol poisoning, your doctor will carry out a physical examination that includes:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Blood alcohol levels
  • Fasting blood sugar

TYPES

Other common types of leg ulcer include:

  • Arterial leg ulcers
  • Diabetic leg ulcers
  • Malignant leg ulcers
  • Traumatic leg ulcers
  • Vasculitic leg ulcers

Ulcers in the foot are usually caused by diabetes.

 

SYMPTOMS

Itching, pain, and swelling in the affected leg are characteristic symptoms of a venous leg ulcer.

Discoloration, hardening of the skin around the ulcer, and presence of a foul-smelling discharge may also be present when you have a venous leg ulcer.

If you have a venous leg ulcer, you may exhibit the following conditions:

  • discoloration and darkening of the skin around the ulcer
  • swollen ankles
  • red, flaky, scaly and itchy skin on your legs
  • swollen and enlarged veins on your legs
  • hardened skin around the ulcer, which may make your leg feel hard
  • a heavy feeling in your legs
  • an unpleasant and foul-smelling discharge from the ulcer
  • aching or swelling in your legs

 

Signs of an infection

Opportunistic pathogens could cause secondary bacterial infections due to the ulcer. 

Symptoms of an infected leg ulcer may include:

  • a green or unpleasant discharge coming from the ulcer
  • fever
  • redness and swelling of the skin around the ulcer
  • worsening pain
  • an unpleasant smell coming from the ulcer

TREATMENT

Treating alcohol poisoning generally involves supportive care while your body starts to get rid of the alcohol by itself. This usually includes:

  • Careful monitoring
  • Preventive measures regarding breathing or choking problems
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Sufficient fluids must be given through a vein (intravenously) to prevent dehydration
  • Use of vitamins and glucose to help prevent serious complications of alcohol poisoning

Adults and children who have accidentally drunk methanol or isopropyl alcohol are suggested to undergo hemodialysis — a mechanical procedure that filters waste and toxins from your system for the immediate removal of alcohol from the bloodstream.

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