Vaccines for adults are suggested based on their age, earlier vaccinations, health and lifestyle, occupations and travel destinations.
The schedule of vaccinations is updated each year, and changes run from the addition of another vaccine to changes to guidelines.
Most of the adults can benefit from the vaccines. However, some diseases, such as flu, can be serious for adults and for those who living with chronic ailments.
Adults should get these types of vaccines:
- Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis vaccine (Tdap vaccine)
- Influenza quadrivalent vaccine or influenza trivalent vaccine
- HepB vaccine
- Varicella vaccine
- MMR vaccine
- Pneumococcal vaccine
- Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine
- Herpes zoster vaccine
There are two types of immunization: active and passive.
Active immunization triggers the body’s immune system to develop antibodies towards the vaccine. This type of immunity is long-lasting.
Passive immunization is given as a form of antibodies when an individual has the disease. Protection from the disease is immediate, however may last for only weeks to months.
Common symptoms felt after vaccination can include:
- Pain, swelling and redness in the injection site
- Mild fever
- Muscle and joint pain
Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis vaccine (Tdap vaccine)
The vaccine prevents diseases such as tetanus or lockjaw, diphtheria, and pertussis or whooping cough. For those individuals who have not been vaccinated, the immunization is given in three doses, the second dosage following a month and the third dose 5 to 11 months later.
Influenza quadrivalent vaccine or influenza trivalent vaccine
These vaccines are intended to counteract flu or influenza, particularly among the elderly. They must be given every year ideally within February and June.
The trivalent shape secures against three strains of flu infection while the tetravalent frame ensures against another strain the influenza infection, notwithstanding the strains secured by the trivalent shape.
This antibody prevents hepatitis B, which can lead to liver cirrhosis and liver cancers. The immunization is given in three doses and the dosing plan relies upon the brand of the vaccine.
This vaccine is for chickenpox. It is given in two doses at four to eight week intervals.
This vaccine is given to prevent measles, mumps, and German measles (rubella). It is given in two doses, a month apart.
The pneumococcal vaccine brings resistance against pneumonia among adults.
It is prescribed for adults who are 50 years of age and more. There are two kinds of the vaccine available, the Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and the Pneumoccoccal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) antibody.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine
This vaccine can protect against human papillary virus infections that can lead to cervical cancers. It is prescribed for females 9 to 55 years of age and for males 10 to 26 years of age.
Herpes zoster vaccine
This vaccine secures against herpes zoster or shingles, a disease leading to a painful skin rash with blisters. This is suggested for individuals who are 50 years of age or more.