ADENOVIRUS VACCINATION - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Etc.
ADENOVIRUS VACCINATION

ADENOVIRUS VACCINATION

Adenoviruses are common viruses that infect the membrane or tissue linings of the eyes, intestines, urinary tract, respiratory tract, and the nervous system. These viruses cause common mild symptoms such as fever, headaches, colds, coughs, sore throats, and pink eye. Usually, infections caused by adenoviruses result in only mild symptoms and the person infected can get better on their own but the symptoms can become severe for people with weak immune systems. Adenovirus vaccine contains live adenovirus Type 4 and Type 7 wherein Human Adenovirus Type 4 (HAdV4) is an infection associated with military outbreaks of febrile respiratory illness which is isolated in military settings. Human Adenovirus Type 7 (HAdV7) is an infection associated with acute respiratory disease syndrome, pharyngoconjunctival fever, pneumonia, and central nervous system disease which generally occur in settings with close living conditions, such as military barracks. Because of military settings and living conditions, military personnel are prone to these infections. To help combat the infection, military personnel 17 to 50 years of age are given an adenovirus vaccine. Currently, the vaccine is only available for them and not for the general public.

SYMPTOMS

The adenovirus vaccine may also have side effects which may or may not need medical attention. These side effects may include:

  • Body aches or pain
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Ear congestion
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of voice
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy nose
  • Unusual tiredness and weakness

Complications may also arise following these side effects. Complications include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Movement difficulties
  • Muscle pain or stiffness
  • Nausea
  • Joint pain
  • Upper abdominal or stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in the limbs

When complications arise, it is best to inform a health care professional before it gets severe.

TREATMENT

The vaccine comes in the form of two tablets which are taken orally by swallowing the tablets whole, not chewed nor crushed, at the same time. Upon taking the vaccine, it is required to see the doctor for checking of progress to make sure that the vaccine is working properly since the vaccine contains live viruses that are shed in the stool for up to 28 days after receiving the vaccine and can cause disease to other people if transmitted. Contact with people who have a high risk of contracting adenovirus such as pregnant women, children younger than 7 years old, and people with weak immune systems should be avoided for 28 days. Before taking other vaccines and medications, whether they are prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs, it is best to consult the doctor first.

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