Vitamins are substances that your body needs so that it can work properly.
There are two types of vitamins:
1. Fat soluble vitamins
These hang around in the fatty tissues of your body and liver for a few days, some of them for months, until your body needs them. (Like Vitamin A, D, E, K)
2. Water soluble vitamins
These helps fight infection. They also help making energy and protein and red blood cells. (Like B Group vitamins and vitamin C)
Minerals are needed by the body to help you grow, develop and be healthy. You get the minerals you need from the food you eat, and each one has special tasks that the body wants them to do.
There are two types of minerals:
1. Macro minerals
Macro is a Greek word, which means large and your body needs large amounts of all the minerals in this group. Examples are: Calcium, Iron, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, and Sulphur.
2. Trace minerals
Trace is a word which means ‘only a tiny bit’ so that’s how much you need of minerals like manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride, and selenium.
Three important minerals, especially for young people are:
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