Vasectomy is a form of male birth control where the tubes that carry the sperm is cut and sealed. It lowers the supply of sperm to the semen and has a low risk of problems occurring. It is usually performed in a patient assisted by the use of anaesthesia.

Vasectomy is considered to be a lifetime birth control commitment. For this reason, before undergoing surgery, not fathering a child in the future is an extremely vital decision to make.

Why is it Done

Vasectomy is done as it is highly effective for men who want to ultimately end the chance of having a child in the future.

  • Vasectomy is useful to prevent pregnancy.
  • It has a low risk of complications or side effects.
  • Vasectomy costs less than the cost of female sterilization or the long-term value of birth control.

It will cancel the use of taking birth control methods (such as the use of a condom) before the intercourse.


The severe concern of vasectomy is the potential change of resolve in the future. While vasectomy reversal procedures can be done, success is not assured due to the difficulty of reversing it, the high price needed for the surgery, and it might be ineffective in some cases.

You can try doing in vitro fertilization if you want to father a child after vasectomy, but this technique is also expensive and not always useful. That is why you must be particular about not having a child in the future.

If you are experiencing chronic testicular pain or testicular disease, you are not fit for undergoing a vasectomy. Most cases of vasectomy do not have any prominent side effects, and complications rarely happen. But side effects after surgery include:

  • Bleeding or hematoma inside the scrotum
  • Blood in semen
  • Bruise in scrotum
  • Infection where surgery occurred
  • Mild discomfort or pain
  • Swelling

Other delayed complications are the following;

Chronic pain

  • A buildup of fluid in the testicle which causes a dull pain and gets worse during ejaculation
  • Inflammation due to granuloma
  • Possible pregnancy, in cases when vasectomy fails, which is rare
  • Developmentof spermatocele in the small, coiled tube that collects and transport sperm, and is located on the upper testicle
  • Swelling in the scrotum due to a fluid-filled sac surrounding a testicle


To secure the eradication of sperm, follow-up semen analysis is also performed by doctors after six to 12 weeks following the procedure. Sperm samples are essential to be examined under a microscope to observe if sperm are present.


The protection provided by vasectomy against pregnancy is not immediate and will require you the use of other birth control alternatives until such time your doctor confirms that there are no sperms present in your semen. Rather than having unprotected sex shortly after the operation, you are to wait several months or longer with the practice of ejaculating 15 to 20 times or more to clear any residual sperm from the semen.

Vasectomy stops you from having a child with your partner, but it does not protect you from sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia or HIV/AIDS. When in doubt, it is most useful to use protection even after having a vasectomy.

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