VAGINAL DRYNESS - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, etc.


Vaginal dryness is mainly caused by the depletion of estrogen levels in the human body. Normal vaginal lubrication, tissue elasticity, and acidity are maintained by estrogen, a female sex hormone. Hygiene practices and other medical conditions can also cause it.

When a woman approaches menopause, her estrogen levels begin to deplete. Estrogen, a female sex hormone that controls and regulates the development of female body characteristics such as the development of breasts and body shape, is produced by the ovaries. Furthermore, a female’s menstrual cycle and pregnancy are also regulated by estrogen.

The vaginal lining is thick, moisturized, and healthy when you have normal levels of estrogen. However, as estrogen levels decline, the vagina becomes drier, less elastic, has a light pink to blue color, and is thinner. These changes are signs of vaginal atrophy.


Estrogen levels can fall for several reasons:

  • Use of anti-estrogen medication
  • Breast-feeding
  • Childbirth
  • Effects on your ovaries from cancer therapy
  • Immune disorders
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Menopause
  • Oophorectomy (ovary removal surgery)
  • Perimenopause(the transition time before menopause)

Other causes of vaginal dryness include:

  • Use of allergy and cold medications
  • Douching
  • Sjogren’s syndrome


Though common in most women, is not diagnosed by doctors due to the shyness of the patient in bringing up the topic to their doctors.

Living with this isn’t normal and isn’t a normal phase of growing older. If vaginal dryness greatly affects your lifestyle and how you function every day, ask your doctor as to what treatment options are best for you.



Topical estrogen therapy is the most common treatment for vaginal dryness. This replaces some of the estrogens that your body isn’t making. This alleviates vaginal symptoms but doesn’t put as much estrogen into your bloodstream. Estrogen pills are needed for a much better hormonal replacement therapy.

Over-the-counter products may also be used for treating vaginal dryness.

Lubricants, which are chemicals used to lubricate the area during sexual intercourse and to make sex less painful, helps increase moisture and could alleviate vaginal dryness. Water-based lubricants are preferred over oil-based lubricants due to the possibility of irritation.

Vaginal moisturizers can be used every day to increase moisture and to prevent vaginal dryness.

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