Vaginal dryness is mainly caused by the depletion of estrogen levels in the human body. Normal vaginal lubrication, tissue elasticity, and acidity are maintained by estrogen, a female sex hormone. Hygiene practices and other medical conditions can also cause it.
When a woman approaches menopause, her estrogen levels begin to deplete. Estrogen, a female sex hormone that controls and regulates the development of female body characteristics such as the development of breasts and body shape, is produced by the ovaries. Furthermore, a female’s menstrual cycle and pregnancy are also regulated by estrogen.
The vaginal lining is thick, moisturized, and healthy when you have normal levels of estrogen. However, as estrogen levels decline, the vagina becomes drier, less elastic, has a light pink to blue color, and is thinner. These changes are signs of vaginal atrophy.