Vaginal atrophy is the inflammation, drying, and thinning of the vaginal walls when the body has less estrogen. Also, this can mostly transpire after menopause.
For some women, vaginal atrophy does not only make sexual intercourse painful, yet it also leads to upsetting urinary symptoms. Since the condition causes both urinary symptoms and vaginal atrophy, doctors use the word “genitourinary syndrome of menopause” to specify vaginal atrophy and its correlated symptoms.
GSM or genitourinary syndrome of menopause is due to the dropping of estrogen production. Fewer estrogen can make your vaginal tissues drier, thinner, less elastic, and more fragile. Also, a decrease in estrogen levels may transpire after chemotherapy, during breastfeeding, after pelvic radiation therapy, and after taking medications that influence estrogen levels.