Pelvic organ prolapse is bulging of one or more of the pelvic organs into the vagina.These organs are the uterus, vagina, bowel and bladder.
Pelvic organ prolapse is due to the weakening of the muscles of the pelvic floor, causing the support of the pelvic organs to give way.
The risk of developing pelvic organ prolapse can be increased by:
- your age
- childbirth, particularly if you had a long or difficult labour, or gave birth to multiple babies or a large baby
- changes caused by the menopause – such as weakening of tissue and low levels of the hormone oestrogen
- being overweight, obese or having large pelvic cysts – which creates extra pressure in the pelvic area
- previous pelvic surgery – such as a hysterectomy or bladder repair
- repeated heavy lifting and manual work
- excessive straining when going to the toilet because of long-termconstipation