TYPHOID Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Medications
TYPHOID - WatsonsHealth


Typhoid fever is an infection that is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever is uncommon in industrialized nations. Be that as it may, it remains a risk in developing countries particularly for children.

Typhoid fever spreads through contamination of and water or through close contact with somebody who is having the disease. Signs and symptoms may include a high fever, headache, abdominal pain, either loose bowel movement or constipation.

Many people with typhoid fever feel better within only a few days beginning antibiotic treatment, despite the fact that few may develop complications. Immunizations against typhoid fever are accessible, yet they’re not effective totally. Immunizations are given to individuals who might be exposed to the illness or are heading out to regions where typhoid fever is prevalent.


Signs and symptoms are growing slowly, within one to three weeks after presentation to the illness.

Signs and symptoms include the following;

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweating
  • Dry cough
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Rash
  • Extremely swollen abdomen
  • Later illness
  • Migraine


Your doctor is probably going to diagnose typhoid fever according to your symptoms and your medical and travel history. In any case, the finding is confirmed by determining Salmonella typhi in a culture of your blood or other body fluid or tissue.

The culture will need a sample of your blood, stool, urine or bone marrow that will be grown in a medium that supports the development of microscopic organisms. The culture is then checked for typhoid bacteria. Bone marrow culture is the most sensitive test for Salmonella typhi.

Other tests would include detection of antibodies to typhoid bacteria or typhoid DNA from your blood.


Anti-microbial treatment is the main treatment for typhoid fever. Common antibiotics used for treatment include Ciprofloxacin, Azithromycin and Ceftriaxone. Other treatments include drinking fluids or intravenous fluids.

Surgery may be done for intestinal perforation as a complication of typhoid fever.



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