Temporomandibular (TM) disorders refer to a group of issues, including jaw movement and pain in and around the jaw’s joints. TMD is often referred to as TMJ or TM issues. The temporomandibular (TM) joints are the joints that link the lower jawbone (mandible) to the skull. Talking, chewing, swallowing, yawning, and other activities require the jaw to open and close.
Muscle tension, frequently provoked by stress, is the most common cause of TMD symptoms. When you’re stressed, you can find yourself clenching or grinding your teeth. These practices can wear down the jaw muscles, resulting in a vicious cycle of muscular spasms, tissue damage, pain, strained muscles, and more spasms.
TMD can begin as a result of an issue with the joint itself, such as Any damage to the joint or its surrounding tissues, Issues with the form of the joint, joint disorder, and the joint’s cushioning articular disc moving out of place.