In diagnosing spina bifida, your doctor may do a physical exam, and ask you about your symptoms and medical history. Also, prenatal screening tests will be provided to you if you are pregnant. Other tests used to confirm the diagnosis include:
Treatment for spina bifida is determined by the severity of a problem. Even if Bifida occulta is not common, it still needs treatment.
Surgery before birth
If spina bifida is not treated, nerve function in newborns might deteriorate after birth. As a result, the surgery for spina bifida is done well before the 26th week of pregnancy. This operation can also be done less invasively with such a fetoscope using ports in the uterus in some patients.
Studies indicate that children having spina bifida who have undergone fetal surgery have a minor impairment and are less likely to use crutches or even other walking aids. So, consult your doctor to see if this surgery is right for you.
Many newborns with myelomeningocele are born with their feet first (breech). Cesarean birth could be a safer approach to deliver your baby if the baby is in the same position or when your doctor has discovered a giant cyst or sac.
Surgery after birth
Myelomeningocele is a condition that necessitates surgery. The operation should be performed immediately to minimize the chance of infection from the exposed nerves. Additionally, it may assist in preventing future spinal cord damage.