Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites, yeast, and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, some of the most common are:
- Genital herpes
- Human Papilloma Virus or HPV
Most STDs affect both men and women, but many cases suggest that severe health problems happens more often to women. If a pregnant woman has an STD, it can cause serious health problems for the baby.
STDs caused by bacteria, yeast, or parasites can be treated by antibiotics. STD’s caused by a virus is untreatable. However, medicines can often help with the symptoms and keep the disease under control.
Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not completely eliminate the risk of catching or spreading STDs.