Because Rift Valley fever (RVF) symptoms are non-specific and varied, clinical identification is sometimes challenging, particularly early in the disease’s course.
Rift Valley fever is hard to distinguish from other viral hemorrhagic fevers and other fever-causing disorders.
Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus infections can only be detected in the lab with the following tests:
- Virus isolation by cell culture
- ELISA (IgG and IgM antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)
- RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) assay
Rift Valley fever (RVF) has no FDA-approved treatments. Because most RVF instances are self-limiting and minor, no particular RVF therapy has been found. Mild disease symptoms such as body pains and fever may be treated with over-the-counter drugs.
Most patients will recover between 2 days to 1 week following the onset of their sickness. More severe instances may need hospitalization and are primarily restricted to supportive treatment.