Retinitis Pigmentosa is considered as a group of eye diseases that can cause loss of eyesight. It is said to be a rare disorder that is passed from a parent to a child. If you are diagnosed with this eye disease, the cells in the retina known as photoreceptors don’t work the way they’re supposed to, and overall, you lose your sight. The retina is known to have two types of cells that gather light which is called rods and cones. The outer ring of the retina, which is active in dim light, is identified to be the rods. Most cases of Retinitis Pigmentosa affect the rod first.
Causes of Retinitis Pigmentosa
Photoreceptors in the retina play a crucial role in developing Retinitis Pigmentosa. Thus, the photoreceptors have two types which are the Rods and Cons. Rods are considered responsible for vision in low light while on the other hand, cones provide vision in bright light. What causes Retinitis Pigmentosa is the mutations or changes in genes that can send wrong messages to the retinal cells, which leads to their progressive degeneration. This eye disease is known to be an inherited disorder and is not caused by injury, infection or any other factors. People diagnosed with Retinitis Pigmentosa are likely born with the condition already.