Radiation emergencies are non-routine circumstances or events that necessitate immediate action to mitigate a radiological hazard or its adverse effects on human life, property, health, or the environment.
Nuclear emergencies encompass the release of energy due to a nuclear chain reaction or the deterioration of chain reaction products. Radiological emergencies involve radiation exposure from a radioactive source. The term “radiation emergency” is frequently used when referring to any type of emergency situation.
Radiation emergencies can arise from the misapplication of radioactive sources in medical, industrial, or accidental exposure to unmanaged radiation sources or collisions during radioactive particle transport, but they can also be merged with conventional emergencies, natural disasters, military conflicts, or malicious acts encompassing radiation sources.
What You Can Do During Radiation Emergencies
During radiation emergencies, the main purpose is to minimize your exposure to radiation as much as possible. Listening for advice on how to respond is crucial in order to keep yourself, your relatives, and your pets protected.
Make Sure To Stay Inside
Remain inside until the officers, fire personnel, or government leaders tell you to leave. While inside, you can take simple actions to eliminate any radioactive material from your body. Remove your outer layer of clothing, and gently wash your skin to remove radioactive material.
Try to consume only unsealed canned or bottled beverages and packaged foods. If radioactive material has resolved on your meal and beverage packages, make sure to wash them before consuming food or drinks from them.
Find Secure Area
During radiation emergencies, you may be asked to enter a building and seek shelter for a short period. Building walls can prevent much of the dangerous radiation. Many walls between you and the outside offer greater protection, so basements or spaces with no windows in the center of your house are good places to hide.
Since radioactive materials deteriorate over time, remaining inside for at least twenty-four hours can safeguard you and your family until public health or officials advise you to leave the area.
Once inside, it’s critical to keep an eye out for any updates from emergency response personnel. Authorities will keep the public updated on the latest information and safety measures as they gain more knowledge about the emergency. You can get important safety information from a variety of sources, including radio, television, and social media.