Primary anemia is anemia that is not due to any disease or condition. Anemia is a condition in which you don’t have adequate healthy red cells to convey sufficient oxygen to the disease. Having anemia may cause you to feel worn out and weak.
Some types of primary anemia include the following:
- Anemia caused by lack of vitamin B12 or folic acid (including pernicious anaemia)
- Hemolytic anaemia (Anaemia due to degradation of the red blood cell)
- Thalassemia (including Cooleys anemia)
Symptoms of primary anemia include the following:
- Pale or yellowish skin
- Irregular heartbeats
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Chest pain
- Cold hands and feet
Your doctor will first obtain a medical history then will do physical examination. Laboratory tests may be requested such as the following:
To diagnose anemia, your doctor may ask you about your medical and family history, perform a physical exam, and run the following tests:
Complete blood count (CBC)
Additional diagnostic tests such as peripheral blood study, bone marrow aspiration biopsy
Anemia treatment depends on its cause. For Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia, vitamins may be given as well as nutritional modification.
Aplastic anemia and thalassemia may require blood transfusions. Hemolytic anemias may be treated by avoiding certain medicines and taking immunosuppressant drugs.