High blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension, is defined as blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg. Pregnancy-induced hypertension is a major challenge for some pregnant women.
High blood pressure in pregnancy is not that harmful. However, it will lead to complications in the mother and developing child.
There are possible reasons leading to high blood pressure during pregnancy. These include:
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Drinking alcohol
- First-time pregnancy
- Family history of pregnancy-associated hypertension
- Carrying multiple babies or twins
- Age (over 40)
- Assistive technology (such as IVF)
Unhealthy lifestyles could lead to high blood pressure while being pregnant. Being overweight or obese and being sedentary are the most important causes for high blood pressure.
This develops after the twentieth week of pregnancy. It often resolves after delivery and the most common problem is induced labor. When identified earlier than 30 weeks, there’s a risk that it will lead to preeclampsia.
Chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia
This is one other variant of chronic hypertension where a woman has hypertension before she turns pregnant. There may be protein in her urine or more problems as her pregnancy progresses.
Symptoms of pregnancy-induced hypertension comprise the following:
There are lots of ways by which you can monitor your blood pressure while being pregnant. These may include a blood pressure monitor that you can purchase from a pharmacy or medical supply store.
For the most correct readings, take your blood pressure day-to-day. Take it while you are seated. Use the same arm.
Inform your health care provider instantly when you have frequent high blood pressure readings that are 4 hours apart, or symptoms of high blood pressure.
Methyldopa and labetalol are medicines which are safe for use to control blood pressure in pregnancy.
Talk to your health practitioner about regulating your blood pressure levels if you develop hypertension while being pregnant.
Obesity and stress can be minimized by diet and relaxation. Speak with a nutritionist who will keep your weight in mind when making a diet plan for you.