POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal problem that most women of reproductive age suffer from. PCOS patients may experience irregular or long-lasting menstrual cycles, as well as high amounts of the male hormone androgen. The ovaries may produce a number of small collections of fluid (follicles) but are unable to consistently produce eggs.

The cause of PCOS remains unknown. Weight loss, as well as early detection and therapy, can help to reduce the chance of long-term issues.

SYMPTOMS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms typically appear around the time of puberty’s first woman’s period. PCOS can manifest later in life due to severe weight gain, for example.

PCOS can take several forms. It is diagnosed when you have two or more symptoms listed below.

  • Excess androgen
  • Polycystic ovaries
  • Irregular periods

If you’re obese, the clinical signs of PCOS are usually more drastic. If you have worries about your menstrual cycles, infertility, or indications of excess androgen, like worsening hirsutism, skin problems, or male-pattern baldness, consult your doctor.

DIAGNOSIS

PCOS can’t be diagnosed using a certain test. Your physician will almost certainly start by reviewing your medical history, particularly your menstruation cycles and weight changes. A physical exam will verify for excessive hair growth, insulin sensitivity, and breakouts.

After that, your healthcare provider may suggest you the following:

  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound
  • Pelvic exam

Your doctor may recommend extra testing if you’ve been diagnosed with PCOS to rule out complications. Among the tests that can be performed are:

  • Depression and anxiety screening
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) testing
  • Periodic exams of blood pressure, lipids, glucose, and triglyceride levels

TREATMENT

PCOS treatment is suited to your particular needs, whether you have infertility, hair issues, acne, or obesity. As part of a specific treatment strategy, lifestyle adjustments or medications may be used.

Lifestyle Changes

Your doctor may recommend a low-calorie diet accompanied by modest exercise activities.

Medications

Your doctor may suggest the following to help you control your menstruation periods:

  • Progestin therapy
  • Combination of birth control pills

Your doctor may suggest the following to help you ovulate:

  • Letrozole (Femara)
  • Clomiphene
  • Gonadotropins
  • Metformin

Your doctor may suggest the following to prevent excessive hair growth:

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