Poisoning can be diagnosed by your doctor. They will first go over your medical history and perform a physical exam. Your physician can also run tests to determine the cause. The majority of poisons can be found in your blood or urine. A toxicology test may be ordered by your doctor. A urine or saliva specimen is used to screen for common drugs.
Treatment is determined by the individual and the form of poisoning. Try to remain calm in this situation. The first step is to avoid or remove the poison if possible. If the poison is in the air, find a safe location with fresh air. If the poison has gotten on your skin, wash it off with water and take off any nearby clothing. If the poison was swallowed, do not attempt to induce vomiting. This method is no longer advised.
Call the poison control center if the poisoned individual is awake and alert. Continue to speak with the operator and obey all instructions.
If the poisoned individual is unconscious or not inhaling, call an ambulance. The medical team will administer additional care. They can use methods to eliminate the poison before it causes further damage. There are antidotes for some poisons—these work by reversing the effects of the poison and curing it. Treatment also includes symptom relief measures.