Nipah Virus Infection (NIV Infection) is a zoonotic virus that may be transmitted from animals to humans. Fruit bats are the animal reservoir for NIV infection, which may infect pigs and humans. This infection is linked to encephalitis, which may cause moderate to severe disease and even death.
Moreover, Nipah Virus Infection (NIV Infection) may be avoided by avoiding contact with ill bats and pigs in virus-infected regions and not drinking raw date palm sap. In hospital settings, standard infection control methods may help prevent person-to-person transmission.