The presence of leishmania infection may be determined by a number of different laboratory tests. In order to diagnose leishmaniasis, your doctor may order one or more of the following tests:
Skin biopsy. An expert will collect a tissue sample from an ulcer on your nose, mouth, or skin. This test may aid in the diagnosis of cutaneous or mucosal leishmaniasis.
Needle biopsy. A tissue will be extracted from your bone marrow, spleen, or lymph nodes using a needle. This method is the most accurate for identifying visceral leishmaniasis.
Blood tests (serology). A physician may occasionally examine your blood for signs of a Leishmania infection. Blood tests are frequently ineffective for detecting a current Leishmania infection.
Anti-parasitic drugs are available to treat leishmaniasis. The precise treatment prescribed by a physician is determined by the kind of leishmaniasis you have. Medication may take several forms, such as tablets, cream or lotion, or liquids.
Among the medications used to treat leishmaniasis are:
- Sodium stibogluconate