Knee injury is broken down into two categories: first are acute injuries and second are injuries caused by excessive or overuse injuries. 

In competitions where there is a high risk of slipping, acute accidents occur more often. Such accidents take place immediately and without warning.

Overuse injuries grow over time, and the cause is usually overloading. The positive news is that it can be relieved by changing the load to one’s capacity and tolerance levels. 

Even if acute accidents often arise spontaneously, their avoidance can also be prevented.


  • Common knee injury
  • Fractures
  • Anterior cruciate ligament injuries
  • Dislocation
  • Meniscal tears
  • Bursitis
  • Tendonitis
  • Tendon tears
  • Collateral ligament injuries
  • Iliotibial band syndrome
  • Posterior cruciate ligament injuries


  • Knee pain
  • Redness
  • Heat
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Difficulty in bending a knee
  • Problems with weight-bearing
  • Popping or clicking sounds


A patient should see a doctor if knee pain appears chronic, becomes serious, or lasts for longer than one week. If there’s another diminished range of motion in the joint or if bending the knee becomes painful, it will be crucial to see a specialist. 

In cases of blunt force or shock, once an accident has happened, the specialist should then ask for history and physical examination, an X-ray, or MRI.


Based on the source of the knee pain and the condition, treatment may vary. Usually, rest and ice can encourage the knee to recover over time in cases of strain and overuse injuries. 

Treatment can also include treating discomfort through medicine and inflammation. The person will have to rest in most situations. 

Tears or other injuries caused by trauma can include bracing, knee snapping back into place, or surgery. In the case of surgery, after the operation, a person will obviously not be able to use the knee and will need either crutches or a wheelchair until fully recovered.

Physical therapy, in some cases, helps a person recover knee to leg mobility and strength.


It is not always reasonably possible to avoid knee accidents, but a person should take steps to cut the risk. For example, proper shoes and safety gear should be worn by persons who exercise or play sports. 

A person may want to consider lowering the number of miles they run in instances of iliotibial band syndrome and overuse injuries. 

Some workouts also aim to improve the muscles of smaller legs and can help to avoid injuries. 

Related Articles


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Familial alobar holoprosencephaly, also known as cyclopia, is an uncommon and [...]


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Nystagmus benign paroxysmal positional is the most common cause of vertigo [...]


Overview and FactsTypes and SymptomsDiagnosis & MedicationsOverview and Facts Noninfectious uveitis is when one or both of your eyes experience [...]