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JAUNDICE- Watsons Health

JAUNDICE

Jaundice happens when a lot of bilirubin accumulates in your blood. This makes your skin and the whites of your eyes appear yellowish.

Generally, bilirubin is carried from the circulatory system into your liver. At that point, it goes through cylinders called bile ducts. These ducts transport a substance called bile into your small intestine. In the end, bilirubin is passed out of your body through urine or stool.

TYPES

The types of jaundice include following:

SYMPTOMS

Common symptoms of jaundice include:

Seek emergency help if you notice any symptoms.

DIAGNOSIS

To diagnose the causes of jaundice, your doctor will probably request for the following tests:

  • Urinalysis to measure the amount of certain substances in yoururine
  • Blood tests, for example, complete blood count (CBC) or liver function tests to measure bilirubin and different substances in the blood
  • Imaging tests, such as MRI or ultrasound, to assess your liver, gallbladder, and bile ducts to identify the different types of jaundice
  • AHIDA scan to help find blockages or different issues in the liver, gallbladder, bile ducts, and small intestines
  • An endoscopy

TREATMENT

Treatment for jaundice may include:

  • Medications for parasites and to keep parasites from reinfecting your liver once more
  • Blood transfusions
  • Spleen removalsurgery to help enhance red blood cell life and lower the risk for gallstones
  • A low-protein diet
  • Antibiotics for infections
  • Dialysis for kidney failure

 

For cancer:

  • Chemotherapy or radiation to kill cancer cells
  • Partial liver resection
  • Liver transplant

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