In vitro fertilization is a comprehensive set of treatments intended to boost fertility, avoid genetic problems, and support child conception. In IVF, sperm is used to fertilize mature eggs that have been extracted from ovaries in a laboratory. The fertilized eggs are then transferred to a uterus. The cycles are completed in roughly three weeks. When these processes are divided into separate steps, they can often take longer.


IVF is often used to treat infertility in couples who have failed to conceive using other methods, such as artificial insemination or timed intercourse. The treatment may be done using the couple’s eggs and sperm. IVF may also use known or anonymous donor eggs, sperm, or embryos.


Why Is In Vitro Fertilization Done

Genetic problems or infertility are cured by in vitro fertilization. If intrauterine insemination is used to cure infertility, both of you may be able to attempt less invasive treatment alternatives before attempting IVF, such as fertility medicines to boost egg production, in which sperm are inserted directly into the uterus.

IVF is occasionally prescribed as the first line of therapy for infertility in women over their 40s. If you have medical problems, IVF may still be an option. It might be a choice if you or your partner have the following:

  • Ovulation disorders
  • fallopian tube blockage or damage
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Previous tubal sterilization
  • Impaired sperm production or function
  • Genetic disorder

What Are The Risks Of In Vitro Fertilization

  • Premature delivery
  • Multiple births 
  • Miscarriage
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • Birth defects
  • Stress
  • Cancer

How To Prepare For In Vitro Fertilization

You will probably require a number of screenings before starting an IVF cycle, such as:

  • Semen analysis. Your healthcare provider would perform a semen analysis just before the beginning of a treatment cycle if it weren’t done as part of your first fertility assessment.
  • Ovarian reserve testing. Your healthcare provider may perform blood tests to measure the levels of estrogen, FSH, and anti-mullerian hormone during the first few days of your menstruation.
  • Infectious disease screening. You will undergo HIV and other infectious disease screenings.
  • Uterine exam. Before you begin IVF, your healthcare provider will check the uterine lining.
  • Practice embryo transfer. This is utilized to identify the depth of the uterine cavity.

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