Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can save a life during cardiovascular or breathing emergencies. Knowing CPR is not only helpful for health professionals but for anyone as well. Who knows, you may encounter an emergency situation and you can save a life!
CPR consists of a series of steps that secure a person’s airway, breathing and circulation, three things that are essential to life. This article will serve as your personal guide to CPR.
Before Starting CPR
1. Make sure that the area is secure, as well as the victim.
The area should be free from threats to life and should be safe.
First, tap the victim on the shoulder and shout, asking if ‘he or she is okay” to check the consciousness of the individual.
2. Call 911 for help.
If it’s clear that the individual needs assistance, send somebody to get an ambulance. When an ambulance is inaccessible, or when there is no person to get it, remain with the victim until any rescue team will arrive.
3. Open the victim’s airway.
Let the victim lie on his or her back, then slowly tilt the head back and lift the bottom up.
4. Look for sign of breathing.
Listen cautiously for 10 seconds, for hints of response. A panting sound doesn’t indicate When there is no breathing, start CPR immediately.
How to do CPR
1. Put your hands, one over the
other, at the center of the victim’s chest.
Make use of your body weight to carry on chest compressions that are about 2 inches deep and delivered at the rate of 100 compressions every minute. Push harder, and push quickly.
2. Give out rescue breaths.
Place the victim’s head in a slightly tilted position and lift the jaw, then pinch the nose to close it and place your mouth over the victim’s mouth to create a full seal. Blow into the individual’s mouth to make the chest rise. Give two rescue breaths, then move on to the next step, which is compression.
If the chest does not respond after giving rescue breaths, again, tilt the head before giving the second breath. If there is no response from the victim upon delivering the second breath, the individual may have something in his or her mouth that may lead to choking. After each set of 30 chest compressions, and before giving breaths, search for something in the mouth of the individual and when you see it, remove it.
3. Proceed with CPR.
Continue performing cycles of chest compressions and breathing until the individual shows signs of life.
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