HODGKIN’S DISEASE

Hodgkin’s disease is a kind of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, a part of the immune system that fights infections. White blood cells called lymphocytes develop out of control in Hodgkin’s disease, producing inflamed lymph nodes and growths all over the body.

Lymphoma can be classified into one of two types. Non-lymphoma Hodgkin’s is the other. Advances in Hodgkin’s disease diagnosis and therapy have given persons with the disease a better chance of making a full recovery. The outlook for those suffering from the illness is improving.

TYPES

  • Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

SYMPTOMS

The following are some of the symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease:

  • Consistent fatigue
  • Night sweats
  • Painless lymph node in your groin, neck, or armpits
  • Intense itching
  • Sudden lose weight

If you have any persistent signs or symptoms that concern you, schedule an appointment with your health care practitioner.

DIAGNOSIS

The following tests and methods are used to diagnose Hodgkin’s disease:

  • Blood tests
  • Lymph node biopsy procedure
  • Physical exam
  • Imaging tests
  • Bone marrow biopsy

Depending on your situation, other tests and treatments may be used.

TREATMENT

The aim of Hodgkin’s disease treatment is to kill as many cells as possible and put the condition in remission. The kind and stage of your cancer, as well as your general health and preferences, will determine which treatments are best for you.

  • Chemotherapy. This is a treatment that kills cells by using chemicals. Chemotherapy medications pass through the blood and can affect almost every part of the body. This can be given as pills or injected into a vein in your arm; in certain cases, both techniques are employed.
  • Radiation therapy. This uses high-energy beam to destroy cancer. You lie on a table while receiving radiation therapy, and a big machine revolves around you, directing energy beams to particular locations on your body.
  • Bone marrow transplant. This is a procedure that replaces defective bone marrow with normal stem cells that aid in the growth of new bone marrow. If Hodgkin’s disease recurs or does not respond to conventional therapies, a transplant may be possible.

Other treatments include:

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