Hereditary Nonspherocytic Hemolytic Anemia (HNHA) is a group of inherited illnesses defined by the loss of red blood cells at an early age. Red blood cells transport oxygen to all parts of the body. Moreover, hemolytic anemia is characterized by the early decomposition of red blood cells (RBCs).
The term “nonspherocytic” is attributed to the idea that the red blood cells do not have the usual spherical shape of normal red blood cells, and hereditary refers to the fact that the illnesses are inherited. In addition, there are approximately 16 different diseases included in the classification of hereditary nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia.
However, they all have specific characteristics in common. Some people have symptoms from the moment they are born, while others do not begin to exhibit symptoms until they are adults.