HELICOBACTER PYLORI

Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial species. These bacteria may go into your system and reside in your intestines. They may develop ulcers in the stomach lining or the top section of your small intestine after many years. This infection may develop into stomach cancer in certain persons.

Infection with Helicobacter pylori is quite common. It is prevalent in around two-thirds of the world’s population. If you have issues, some medications may destroy bacteria and aid in healing sores.

Fewer individuals are contracting infections as even more people around the country gain access to clean water and sanitation. You may protect yourself and your children from disease by practicing excellent health behaviors.

SYMPTOMS

When Helicobacter pylori infection causes signs or symptoms, they are usually associated with gastritis or a peptic ulcer and include:

  • Stomach discomfort or a burning sensation
  • Stomach discomfort that is worse if your stomach is empty
  • Nausea
  • Burping often
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Accidental weight loss

DIAGNOSIS

To begin, your doctor will ask about your health history, signs, and any medications you are currently taking. To identify if you have H. pylori infection, a variety of tests and methods are employed. Helicobacter pylori must be detected by testing (H. pylori). Tests that may be required are:

  • Stool test
  • Blood test

Your physician may use the following devices to examine your ulcers more closely:

  • Upper GI tests
  • Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • CT scan

TREATMENT

If you have Helicobacter pylori ulcers, you’ll require therapy to eliminate the bacteria, mend your stomach lining, and prevent the sores from recurring. The outcomes of treatment generally take one to two weeks.

Your doctor will most likely prescribe a variety of medications. The following are some options:

  • PPIs or proton pump inhibitors. These medications prevent the stomach from producing acid. Esomeprazole, omeprazole, and pantoprazole are some of the examples.
  • Histamine blockers. These drugs work by inhibiting the creation of acid by a particle named histamine. Cimetidine is one such example. If PPIs aren’t working, H-2 blockers are used to treat H. pylori infection.
  • Bismuth subsalycylate. This medicine, which is more popularly known by the trade name Pepto-Bismol, coats the ulcer and protects it from stomach acid.

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