Giant cell Interstitial pneumonia refers to a variety of illnesses, the majority of which cause lung tissue scarring. Interstitial pneumonia causes scarring, which limits your capacity to breathe and receive sufficient oxygen into your blood.

Long-term exposure to harmful materials, including asbestos, can induce giant cell Interstitial pneumonia. This disease can be caused by autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. Nevertheless, in certain circumstances, the causes are unknown.

Once lung scarring occurs, it is usually permanent. Although treatment can help to delay the progression of giant cell interstitial pneumonia, many individuals never fully recover their lung function. Some persons with this disease may benefit from a lung transplant.


The most common symptoms of giant cell interstitial pneumonia include:

Lung damage is usually there by the time symptoms appear. So, if you experience respiratory problems, you should consult your healthcare provider immediately. Several conditions other than interstitial pneumonia can influence your lungs, and obtaining an early and correct diagnosis is essential for optimal treatment.


It can be difficult to identify and determine the cause of this condition.  A significant number of diseases lie in this broad category. Furthermore, the symptoms of a variety of health conditions can be mistaken for giant cell interstitial, so professionals must rule them out before making a conclusive diagnosis.

Here are the tests needed to make a precise diagnosis:

  • Blood tests
  • CT Scan
  • Echocardiogram
  • Oximetry
  • Spirometry and diffusion capacity
  • Bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Surgical biopsy


Giant cell interstitial pneumonia causes lung scarring that cannot be restored, and therapy will not always be successful in slowing the disease’s development. Some medications may temporarily relieve symptoms or reduce the progression of the condition. 

Medical trials may be a possibility for receiving an experimental treatment for many of the different forms of scarring problems because there are no recognized or proven medicines for many of them.

  • Medications
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Surgery

It’s difficult to live with this disease in both a physical and emotional sense. As breathing difficulties worsen or health-care demands take precedence in your life, your regular routines and hobbies may need to be revised, sometimes severely.

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