GERD surgery is a viable alternative if drugs and lifestyle changes aren’t effective. Nissen fundoplication is a treatment that reinforces the lower esophageal sphincter during laparoscopic anti-reflux GERD surgery. After minimizing any hiatal hernias, the surgeon wraps the top of the stomach over the lower esophagus in this surgery. This strengthens the lower esophageal sphincter, reducing the likelihood of acid reflux in the esophagus.
What Is GERD And Acid Reflux?
When stomach acid runs backward into the esophagus, it is known as acid reflux. This results in heartburn and other side effects. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic or severe form of acid reflux.
Diet and lifestyle adjustments can generally alleviate mild to moderate reflux problems. Symptom alleviation can also be achieved with over-the-counter and prescription drugs. The following medications are used to treat GERD:
- H2 blockers
- PPIs or Proton Pump Inhibitors
Regrettably, lifestyle modifications and drugs do not benefit everyone. For certain individuals, GERD surgery may be a possibility. The valve at the bottom of the esophagus that ordinarily prevents acid from traveling backward from the stomach is repaired or replaced during surgery. The lower esophageal sphincter is the name for this valve (LES). GERD is caused by a weakened or damaged LES.
When Should GERD Surgery Be Performed?
If you have severe GERD complications, surgery may be suggested. Stomach acid, for example, can cause esophageal inflammation. It’s possible that this will result in bleeding or ulcers. Scars from tissue damage can constrict the esophagus, making it difficult to swallow.
GERD surgery is usually only considered as a last resort. Your doctor will first try to control your symptoms by making dietary and lifestyle changes. The majority of people with the condition benefit from this. If that doesn’t work, they’ll turn to long-term medications. If these measures fail to relieve your symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery. The most typical GERD surgery or procedures are:
- Transoral Incisionless Fundoplication (TIF)
- Stretta Procedure
- Bard EndoCinch System
- Linx Surgery
To avoid taking long-term medications, you might want to consider surgery. Besides, there are a number of surgical options available to treat GERD symptoms and complications. Consult your doctor for advice on the best way to deal with your condition.