Identifying the underlying cause of galactorrhea might be difficult due to a large number of factors.
The following may be included in the testing:
- Physical exam. By gently inspecting the area of your nipple, your doctor may attempt to release the fluid from your nipple.
- Blood test. This is to see how much prolactin is in your system.
- Analysis of fluid discharged from the nipple. This is to see if the fluid contains fat droplets, which can assist the diagnosis of galactorrhea.
- Imaging tests. This is done to get images of your breast tissue or to look for tumors.
Galactorrhea treatment focuses on treating the underlying cause where necessary. Doctors aren’t always able to pinpoint the exact cause of your illness. If you experience unpleasant or persistent nipple discharge, your doctor may still recommend therapy. A drug that blocks prolactin’s effects or decreases your body’s prolactin level could help you get rid of galactorrhea.
Bromocriptine, a prolactin-lowering drug, could be administered. Normal ovulation cycles and regular menstrual periods may be regained when these levels are reduced.
However, if a tumor is found, it may be difficult to treat if it is small. Bigger tumors may require surgery to be removed.