In females up to age 35, natural methods should be used to get pregnant for at least one year before testing or treatment.
If you’re somewhere in the range of 35 and 40, talk about your worries with your doctor following 6 months of trying.
If you’re older than 40, your doctor might need to start testing or treatment immediately.
Your doctor may likewise need to start testing or treatment immediately if you or your partner has known fertility issues, if you have a history of irregular or painful periods, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, earlier cancer treatment, or endometriosis.
Fertility tests may include the following:
- Ovulation testing in the form of luteinizing hormone (LH) kit and prolactin levels
- Hysterosalpingography, wherein an X-ray contrast is injected into your uterus and an X-ray is taken to detect abnormalities in the uterine cavity
- Ovarian reserve testing to determine the quality and quantity of eggs available for ovulation.
- Other hormone testing such as ovulatory as well as thyroid and pituitary hormones
- Imaging tests such as a pelvic ultrasound
- Laparoscopy to examine your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus
- Genetic testing to determine whether there’s a genetic defect that is causing infertility
Female infertility treatment relies upon the cause, your age, how long you are infertile and individual preferences. Since infertility is a complicated problem, treatment includes physical, psychological and financial commitments.
Though some women require only a couple of treatments to re-establish fertility, it’s conceivable that few distinct treatments might be required.
Treatments can either endeavor to re-establish fertility through medicine or surgery, or help you get pregnant with advanced methods
Fertility drugs may be given such as the following:
- Clomiphene citrate