EDEMA - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Medications
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Edema is swelling caused by excess fluids that is caught up in your body’s tissues. Though edema can affect any part of your body, you may see it more in your extremities

Edema can occur due to medicines, pregnancy or an illness such as heart failure, kidney disease or liver cirrhosis.

Taking drugs to remove excess fluids and lessening salt in your diet frequently relieves edema. At the point when edema is the symptom of a disease, the disease itself requires separate treatment.

Edema is divided into several types:

  • Pedal edema, present in the legs and feet
  • Lymphedema or swelling in the extremities
  • Pulmonary edema, present in the lungs
  • Cerebral edema, present in the brain
  • Macular edema, present in the eyes

Symptoms of edema include:

  • Swelling of extremities
  • Stretched or glossy skin
  • Skin that dimples when pressed
  • Increased abdominal size
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain


To comprehend what may be causing your edema, your doctor will initially do a physical exam and get some information about your medical history.

Tests may include the following:

  • X-rays
  • Ultrasound exams
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Blood tests
  • Urine analysis



Mild edema more often disappear on its own, especially if you raise your legs at night while sleeping. Progressively severe edema might be treated with drugs that make your body excrete excess fluids through urine, such as diuretics like furosemide.

Long term treatment centres around treating the reason for the swelling. If edema happens because of drug use, your doctor may modify your medicine or check for an alternative drug that doesn’t cause edema.

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