COLOSTOMY - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis


A colostomy is a type of surgery that brings one end of the colon out through the stomach divider. During this medical procedure, one end of the colon is redirected through a cut in the stomach divider to make a stoma. A stoma is the opening in the skin where a pocket for gathering feces is appended. Individuals with temporary or long-term colostomies have pockets connected to their sides where wastes accumulate and can be disposed of quickly. 

Colostomies aren’t generally eternal, particularly in kids with birth deficiency.


Colostomies are performed because of lower bowel disorders. A few issues can be corrected by briefly redirecting stool from the bowel. This is when temporary colostomies are utilized to keep stool out of the colon. 

When the colon becomes ill, as in colon cancer, lasting colostomies are performed, and the colon might be eliminated.


A colostomy is an effective medical procedure. Likewise, with any medical procedure, there are dangers of allergic responses to anesthesia and excessive bleeding. 

Colostomy also conveys these different dangers: 

  • an infection
  • internal bleeding
  • a wound tearing open
  • harm to different organs  
  • a blockage of the colostomy
  • issues from scar tissue 
  • a prolapse of the colostomy
  • a hernia, which happens when an interior organ pushes through a weak area of muscle

Your physician can best clarify your risks, the risks of the medical procedure, the potential for complications, and the medical procedure benefits.

How to Prepare for a Colostomy

Before the medical procedure, your physician will take blood samples, conduct a physical test, and review your complete clinical history. During these visits, inform your physician concerning any earlier medical procedures you’ve had and any medicines you’re taking, including over-the-counter meds and supplements. 

Your physician will probably approach you fast, not more than 12 hours before a medical procedure. You may also be given a laxative or an enema to take the night before the medical procedure to help purify your bowels. 

You should remain in the clinic for three to seven days. This includes packing the correct necessities, arranging care for your kids, home, or pets, and taking the proper measure of time off of work.

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