Childhood overweight or childhood obesity is defined as having a BMI of more than the 95th percentile for children of the same age and gender. It is a severe medical condition that can have a negative impact on a child’s physical, emotional, and social well-being. 

Obesity is a complicated issue. Various reasons, including behavior, genetics, and certain drugs, may cause excess weight gain. However, cultural and communal factors affect our ability to make healthy choices as well:

  • Childcare and school settings
  • Neighborhood condition
  • Availability of good and inexpensive foods and drinks
  • Access to secure and accessible venues for physical exercise


There are numerous methods for classifying and categorizing pediatric obesity, but one frequent technique is based on the child’s body mass index (BMI). BMI is a body fat measurement that takes into account a person’s weight and height.

  • Normal weight: BMI is at or below the 5th percentile
  • Overweight: BMI is between the 85th and 95th percentile
  • Obese: BMI is in the 95th percentile or above


Some possible signs and symptoms of childhood obesity include:

  • Excess body fat, particularly around the waist and abdomen
  • Fatigue and difficulty breathing during physical activity
  • Snoring and difficulty sleeping
  • Skin irritation or fungal infections in skin folds
  • Joint pain and problems with physical activity
  • Low self-esteem and feelings of social isolation
  • Depression or anxiety


Childhood overweight is often diagnosed based on a child’s weight and height, which are used to determine their BMI (BMI). Children’s BMIs are compared to other children their age and gender to determine if they are healthy, overweight, or obese. In addition to the child’s food, physical activity levels, and medical history, a healthcare professional may examine additional aspects in reaching a diagnosis.

The physician may also conduct the following blood testing procedures:

  • blood tests to check hormonal imbalances
  • glucose screening
  • cholesterol test


Treatment for childhood overweight will vary, depending on the age and medical condition of your kid. Nevertheless, the treatment process includes changes in your kid’s:

  • physical activity
  • eating habits

However, some cases may require surgery for weight loss or medications.

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