Screening can help doctors find and treat several types of cancer early, before they cause symptoms, while they’re small and before they have spread. Early detection of cancer greatly increases the chances for successful treatment. The table below provides information on cancer screening test recommendations by age and gender:
|Men and women age 40 and older||Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) and Colonoscopy to screen for colon cancer|
|Men and women age 40 and older||Digital rectal examination (DRE) and Sigmoidoscopy to screen for recto-sigmoid colon cancer|
|Men age 50 and older||Digital rectal examination (DRE) to screen for prostate cancer|
|Women who are sexually active||Pap test to screen for uterine/cervix cancer
|Women who have never been sexually active||Pap test to screen for uterine/cervix cancer at age 35|
|Women age 50 and older||Mammography to screen for breast cancer|
|Women age 25 and older||Monthly breast self-examination (BSE) and annual clinical breast examination (CBE) to screen for breast cancer|
|Men and women age 55 and older who are heavy smokers, either an active or former smoker who quit within the past 15 years||Annual low-dose CT scan to screen for early lung cancer|
Talk to your doctor about how often you should undergo these cancer screening tests and other screening tests, if necessary, depending on your risk profile.
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