BREAST CANCER: SCREENING

BREAST CANCER: SCREENING

Breast cancer screening is typically done to check for cancer before there are signs or symptoms of the illness. The breast cancer chart, a chart that compares recommendations from many leading organizations is commonly employed by health care professionals. Health care providers usually inform women regarding the most effective screening choices for them. Together with your health care provider, enlightened and shared decision-making if you’re told regarding the advantages and disadvantages of breast cancer screening, and which breast screening method is right for you.

Breast cancer cannot be prevented through breast cancer screening; however, it may well be useful since it might discover breast cancer early, that is, it’s easier to treat. Talk to your doctor which breast cancer screening tests are right for you and when you should have them.

TYPES

When a person does not have any symptoms, tests are used to screen for different types of cancer.

  • Breast Exam
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Mammography
  • Thermography
  • Tissue sampling(Biopsy)

SYMPTOMS

  • A breast lump or thickening
  • Change in breast color
  • Changes in touch (may feel hard, tender or warm)
  • Increase in breast size or shape (over a short period)
  • Irritated or itchy breasts
  • Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin
  • Redness or pitting of the breast skin (like the skin of an orange)

DIAGNOSIS

Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and perform a physical examination. He or she may order the following diagnostics to confirm your diagnosis:

  • Breast exam
  • Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Breast ultrasound
  • Mammogram
  • Removing a sample of breast cells for testing (biopsy)

TREATMENT

Based on the type of your breast cancer, size, sensitivity to hormones, and its stage and grade, your doctor will determine what treatment option is best for you. He or she will also consider your preferences and overall health.

Options for breast cancer treatment include:

  • Breast cancer surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Palliative care
  • Radiation therapy

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