BACLOFEN

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Lioresal

GENERIC NAME(S): BACLOFEN

 

Description: Baclofen is an antispastic which inhibits both monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflexes at spinal level which promotes muscle relaxation.

  • Treatment of muscle spasms caused by conditions such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury.

How to use

  • Always refer to your doctors instructions before taking this medication. Duration and dosage will be determined by your medical condition and its response to the medication. Make sure to take this medication in the prescribed amount and time period even after symptoms disappear. Discontinuing the medication before completion of treatment may cause incomplete treatment of condition. If Symptoms persist, consult your doctor.
  • Taken by mouth; With or without food; usually thrice a day or as directed by your physician.
  • Minor side effects (if these symptoms persist or worsen, inform your doctor)
    • Drowsiness, dizziness, weakness, tiredness, headache, trouble sleeping, nausea, increased urination, or constipation.
  • Serious side effects (inform your doctor immediately)
    • mental/mood changes (such as confusion, depression, hallucinations).
  • Severe allergic reactions are rare. Get immediate medical help if you notice the following:
    • Rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing

Precautions

  • Inform your doctor.
    • Allergy to the medication or any allergies.
    • Medical History of kidney disease, mental/mood disorders (such as schizophrenia), brain disorders (such as seizures, stroke).
  • May cause dizziness or drowsiness. Limit alcohol intake.
  • Should only be used when there is a clear need during pregnancy. If you are planning to be pregnant or think you may be pregnant, discuss the risks and benefits of use with your doctor.

 

Interactions

Taking multiple drugs may affect how medications work and/or cause unwanted side effects. List down all the medications you are taking and inform your physician and pharmacist. Do not take, discontinue, or alter any dose of medications without prior approval of your physician.

  • Products that may interact with this medication include:
    • Products that cause drowsiness including alcohol, antihistamines (such as cetirizine, diphenhydramine), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), other muscle relaxants, and narcotic pain relievers (such as codeine).
    • Double check the labels on all medications you are currently taking especially cough-and-cold products since they may contain drowsiness-causing components.

Overdose

  • If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include: vomiting, severe drowsiness, slow/shallow breathing, seizures.

Missed Dose: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and as soon as you remember, take a regular dose or if the time of the next dose is near, wait for it before taking another dose and resume your usual schedule. Do not increase the dose to compensate for the missed dose.

Storage

  • Room temperature
  • Do not expose to light and moisture
  • Do not store in the bathroom
  • Keep all medications away from pets and children

 

Brands

Available Brands

  • Lioresal [ Novartis Healthcare ]
  • Onelaxant-R [ Apotex ]
  • Trilaxant [ H & B Pharma ]

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