ARTHROCENTESIS - Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis


Arthrocentesis or joint aspiration is a technique of emptying the synovial liquid out of a patient’s joint with a syringe and sterile needle. The procedure is conducted by the ancillary health care provider. Arthrocentesis is the medical term of joint aspiration and joint drainage. It can also be helpful to the body’s joints which include the elbow, jaw, hip, and shoulder. Physicians often give an overview to the patient of how the procedure is being performed, what the patient can look forward to after the procedure, and the risks involved. 


Arthrocentesis can be used to treat a condition like arthritis of a joint and at the same time, it can diagnose. The procedure is used to collect liquid from the patient’s joint available for lab tests. Through the evaluation of the fluid for the patient’s joint can help doctors to specify the reasons for having joint swelling, gout arthritis, arthritis, rheumatoid disease, and infection. 

For the detection of infection, the glucose, white cell count, protein, and crystals are being examined in the joint’s fluids. The laboratory parameters are considered helpful tools in determining the symptoms of arthritis, especially classifying the non-inflammatory to inflammatory types of arthritis and vice versa. It can be one of the solutions in recognizing the possible musculoskeletal conditions and rheumatology diseases. 

The treatment can bring back your joint’s healthy and quick recovery. However, this procedure was not only used to treat certain conditions but can also determine, recognize, and diagnose early detection of other possible complications especially in joints. 


Patients don’t really need any extra preparation prior to arthrocentesis. The procedure is done easily as an outpatient surgery in the physician’s office. Topicals are often put to the skin and used to lessen the pain. Normally, there is a temporary, small amount of discomfort as the needle entered into the joint space of the patient. Injection and removal of liquid from the syringe do not usually cause discomfort. Sometimes, when the needle is withdrawn it causes a little pain but it can be treated by any topicals to lessen the pain of the patient. 

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