ARTHRITIS (OSTEOARTHRITIS) Overview, Facts, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Medications


Osteoarthritis is the most widely recognized cause of joint pain, affecting a huge number of individuals around the world. It happens when the protective cartilage at the end of the bones wear out after some time.

In spite of the fact that osteoarthritis can harm any joint in your body, it also influences joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.

Osteoarthritis symptoms can typically be managed, despite the fact that the process can’t be reversed. Remaining active, keeping up a healthy weight and different medicines may control this disease and help relieve pain and stiffness.

Arthritis is inflammation of at least one of your joints. The principle manifestations of joint inflammation are joint pain and stiffness, which are exacerbated by age. The most widely recognized types of joint inflammation are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis causes cartilage to break down.


The most widely recognized signs and symptoms of arthritis include the joints. Depending upon the sort of joint pain you have, your signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased movement
  • Stiffness of the joints
  • Loss of flexibility
  • A grating sensation of the joints
  • Bony spurs, which are bits of bone found around the affected joint

Osteoarthritis symptoms grow gradually and decline after some time.


During the physical exam, your doctor will nearly look at your affected joint, checking for pain and tenderness, swelling or redness, and for scope of movement in the joint. Your doctor may likewise prescribe imaging and laboratory tests.

X-rays may be requested which may show a narrowing of the space between the bones in your joint or bony spurs.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which can deal with complex cases.

Lab tests that may be requested include blood tests and joint fluid analysis.



Presently, the process that leads to osteoarthritis can’t be reversed, however manifestations can managed by lifestyle changes, physical and different treatments,  medicines, and surgical procedures. Physical activity and a healthy weight are the most essential approaches to treat osteoarthritis. Your doctor may also prescribe the following medicines:

  • Acetaminophen for mild to moderate pain
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen  and naproxen sodium
  • Duloxetine, an antidepressant for osteoarthritis pain
  • Corticosteroids such as prednisone and cortisone

Counterirritants like creams or ointments that contain menthol or capsaicin are also effective.

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