AORTIC STENOSIS - Watsons Health
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AORTIC STENOSIS

Aortic stenosis is a medical condition wherein there is narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart. This further prevents the valve from opening fully, further reducing the blood flow from the heart to other parts of the body. This makes the heart work harder, further leading to heart failure.

There are many types of aortic stenosis. These are as follows:

  • Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  • Atrioventricular canal defect
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Coarctation of the aorta
  • Congenital mitral valve anomalies
  • Double-outlet right ventricle
  • Ebstein’s anomaly
  • Eisenmenger syndrome
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • Long QT syndrome
  • Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
  • Patent ductusarteriosus (PDA)
  • Patent foramen ovale
  • Pulmonary atresia
  • Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum
  • Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septum defect
  • Pulmonary valve stenosis
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous return
  • Transposition of the great arteries
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Truncusarteriosus
  • Vascular rings
  • Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
  • Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome

 

Aortic stenosis can have the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias)
  • A bluish tint to the skin, lips and fingernails (cyanosis)
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tiring quickly upon exertion
  • Swelling of body tissue or organs (edema)

DIAGNOSIS

The doctor will obtain a medical history and do a physical exam. Tests that will be ordered may include the following:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Transesophageal echocardiogram
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Exercise stress test
  • Cardiac CT scan or MRI
  • Cardiac catheterization

 

TREATMENT

Aortic stenosis can be treated with the following:

  • Regular checkups and monitoring
  • Medications
  • Implantable heart devices
  • Special procedures using catheters
  • Open-heart surgery
  • Heart transplant

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