Aortic aneurysm is a bulging or swelling of the aorta, which is the largest blood vessel in the body that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Aortic aneurysms can occur anywhere along the length of the aorta, but the most common site is in the abdominal area (abdominal aortic aneurysm) or the chest (thoracic aortic aneurysm).

Aortic aneurysms often do not cause any symptoms, but they can be very dangerous if they rupture, which can result in life-threatening bleeding.


Aortic aneurysm is often classified into two types:

  • Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. This type, also called “Triple A,” is the most common aortic aneurysm.
  • Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm. This type of aneurysm form in the part of the aorta along the chest.


The two types of aortic aneurysm are often asymptomatic. However, some symptoms may show, such as:

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

  • Fainting
  • Weakness in one side of the body
  • Problems with breathing
  • Jaw and chest pain
  • Back or abdominal pain

Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

  • Back pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Pain or tenderness in the chest
  • Shortness of breath


Aortic aneurysms are frequently asymptomatic, which means that they do not manifest any symptoms until they enlarge significantly or rupture. 

Diagnostic procedures may be carried out if an aortic aneurysm is suspected:

  • Imaging studies. Aortic aneurysms can be seen using a variety of imaging tests, including an angiography, computed tomography (CT) scan, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). T
  • Blood tests. Blood tests may be performed to look for indications of infection, inflammation, or other underlying problems that could be causing the aneurysm’s onset or expansion.
  • Family history. A genetic propensity for aortic aneurysms or other similar disorders may be indicated by a family history, which may call for additional testing or screening.


The size, location, and general health of the patient are among the variables that affect how an aortic aneurysm is treated. In general, the following therapies may be used to treat aortic aneurysms:

  • Watchful monitoring
  • Medication
  • Endovascular repair
  • Open surgery

In order to choose the best course of action based on unique circumstances, it is crucial to review the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment choice with a doctor or specialist.

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