Adsorbed diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine is a vaccine that is used to protect against infections such as diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis and pertussis. Diphtheria is an infection that affects the throat, causing it to swell and get painful, further leading to suffocation. This is due to a poison in the bacteria that can also damage the kidneys, the heart and the nerves.
Tetanus, also known as lock jaw, is caused by tetanus bacteria that can enter the body through a deep wound. The bacteria has a toxin that causes muscle spasms, further causing difficulty of breathing and also suffocation.
Poliomyelitis is a viral infection that is caused by viruses. These viruses can affect the nerves and can bring about paralysis in the muscles, especially of the legs. There may be paralysis of the breathing and swallowing muscles also.