Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM) is a rare and severe condition in the nervous system. It particularly affects the spinal cord’s gray matter, causing the muscles and body reflexes to become weak. In the United States, AFM cases have been increasing since 2014, 90% of which are diagnosed in children. This kind of condition is caused by a virus called an enterovirus.
The cause of AFM is unknown. Researchers suggest that viruses can contribute to its development. Acute Flaccid Myelitis may often be referred to as a “polio-like” condition, but all the stool specimens acquired from AFM patients turned out to be harmful to poliovirus. Most of the AFM cases affect young children. In the first place of having suspected symptoms of the disease, seeking urgent medical attention from the professional must be the first step upon recognizing symptoms of AFM.